Compiled by Anthony McSweeney, SSS
- In this chronology of St Peter Julian’s life reference is made to the congregation he founded, the Society of the Blessed Sacrament. For a history of the congregation’s name, See Using this site: Abbreviations. (Scan down to SSS, Societas Sanctissimi Sacramenti /Society of the Blessed Sacrament).
- Places mentioned in this chronology are detailed in Eymardian Places.
|Childhood and youth 1811-1834|
|1811||Feb. 4th||Born at La Mure d’Isère, a small town in the Matheysin Plateau (altitude 900m).|
|Feb. 5th||Baptised in parish church at La Mure.|
|1823||Mar. 16th||Receives First Communion on Passion Sunday at La Mure.|
|1828||Goes to Marseilles with view to entering novitiate of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate (OMI).|
|Aug. 5th||Casually informed of mother’s death while away from home.|
|1829||June 7th||Begins novitiate with Oblates of Mary Immaculate. Forced to return home five months later apparently moribund.|
|1831||September||Enters diocesan seminary in Grenoble.|
|Priest of the Diocese of Grenoble 1834-1839|
|1834||July 20th||Ordained priest by Bishop Philibert de Bruillard.|
|July 22nd||Celebrates first Mass at Notre Dame de l’Osier, where he remains for a month.|
|Named as assistant priest at Chatte.|
|1836||June||Has notable spiritual experience at what he called the “mystical rock” of Saint-Romans.|
|1837||July 2nd||Appointed parish priest at Monteynard (close to La Mure).|
|Marist priest 1839-1856|
|1839||Aug. 20th||Begins novitiate in the Society of Mary in Lyon.|
|Nov. 27th||Named spiritual director of Marist College in Belley.|
|1840||Feb. 7th||Takes first vows in the Society of Mary chapel at Belley.|
|1844||November||Founder of the Society of Mary, Pierre Colin, names Eymard Provincial of the Society, i.e. Assistant General.
|1845||May 25th||Has important spiritual experience in Eucharistic procession at St Paul’s church, Lyon.|
|1846||Sept. 21st||Ceases to be Provincial of the Society of Mary. Appointed Assistant General and Visitor to the Society.|
|1848||Dec. 6th||Inauguration of Nocturnal Adoration Society at Notre Dame des Victoires, Paris, by group of laymen.
|1849||January||Meets members of Nocturnal Adoration Society, including Raymond de Cuers.
|1850||June||Named novice master of Society of Mary.|
|Sept. 8th||Pope Pius IX approves Third Order of Mary (an association of lay people) established by Eymard.|
|1851||Jan. 21st||Experiences what he later calls the “grace of vocation” at Notre Dame de Fourvière.|
|Sept. 12th||Appointed Superior of the Marist college of La Seyne, Toulon.
|1852||Given charge of nocturnal adoration work (founded by Raymond De Cuers, in Toulon).|
|Aug. 18th||Makes his first pilgrimage to La Salette. Returns to La Salette ten times during his life time.|
|1853||April 18th||Has deep experience in thanksgiving after Mass. Desires to give himself totally to God’s plan.|
|1855||June 24th||Ordination of future first companion, Raymond de Cuers.|
|September||Leaves Toulon exhausted. Rests at Marist novitiate in Chaintré, near Maçon.|
|1856||April||Asks Fr Favre, Marist General, to present his proposal for a new religious congregation to the Pope.|
|April 30th||Arrives in Paris. Next day begins retreat for discernment in order to know God’s will.|
|Founder: The Society of the Blessed Sacrament 1856-1868|
|From foundation to approbation 1856-1863|
||April 29th||Acquires dispensation from vows as Marist. Leaves for Paris next day.|
|May 13th||Meets with Archbishop Sibour. Approval for congregation given. The Society of the Blessed Sacrament begins in rue d’Enfer.|
|1857||Jan. 6th||Inaugurates community adoration with exposition of the Blessed Sacrament on Feast of Epiphany.|
|1858||Mar. 30th||Departs from first house in rue d’Enfer.|
|Easter||Transfer to new location in rue Faubourg Saint-Jacques.|
|May 25th||Receives Marguerite Guillot and two companions in Paris to begin women’s branch of the new congregation, The Servants of the Blessed Sacrament.
|Begins work of First Communion of young adults, who were mostly rag-pickers.|
|1859||Jan. 5th||Pius IX signs Laudatory Brief giving official recognition to new congregation, The Society of the Blessed Sacrament.
|April 21st||Inauguration of congregation’s first chapel in Marseilles.|
|May 1st||Has final conversations with St John Mary Vianney, Curé of Ars.|
|Aug. 15th||Formal inauguration of work of First Communion of Adults.|
|Nov. 9th||Responds to invitation of Archbishop De Mazenod to inaugurate congregation’s Marseilles community.|
|1861||April 25th||Has conversations with Fr Chevrier about collaboration in work of the Prado (site in Lyon dedicated to the poor).
|1862||Dec. 29th||Founds the congregation’s third community in Angers.|
|1863||June 3rd||Receives Decree of Approbation for the new congregation from Pius IX – dated May 8th.|
|August||First group of religious of the Society of the Blessed Sacrament makes canonical vows according to the Rule submitted to Rome.|
|The Constitutions and the Cenacle 1863-1865|
||August||First group of religious attend retreat having made canonical vows.
|Oct. 1st||Goes to Saint-Bonnet-le-Froid for a month to work on Constitutions.|
|December||First steps taken with view to buying the Cenacle in Jerusalem.|
|1864||Jan. 6th||General Council of the Congregation decides to attempt to buy the building of the Cenacle in Jerusalem with a view to making a foundation there.|
|April||Constitutions of men’s branch of the congregation printed.|
|May 26th||Servants of Blessed Sacrament founded at Angers. Marguerite Guillot appointed Superior General.|
|August||Constitutions of women’s branch of the congregation printed.|
|Nov. 17th||Audience with Pope Pius IX to plead case for buying the Cenacle in Jerusalem.|
|1865||Jan. 25th||Begins long retreat at Redemptorist house in Via Merulana, Rome. Awaits results of case for the Cenacle in Jerusalem..|
|Mar. 21st||Towards the end of his long 1865 retreat Eymard makes the Vow of the Personality, to God.|
|Mar. 30th||Following Rome’s negative response re purchase of the Cenacle in Jerusalem received previous day, leaves Rome.|
|July 6th||Elected Superior General for life of the congregation he founded, the Society of the Blessed Sacrament.
|Growth of the work and death of the founder 1865-1868|
|1866||Jan. 1st||Strictly perpetual adoration begun in congregation’s Paris community.|
|Jan. 2nd||Opens new house of the congregation in Brussels, at Salazar.|
|Founds in Nemours (Seine-sur-Marne) the second community of the Servants of the Blessed Sacrament.|
|Dec. 25th||Founds novitiate for the Servants of the Blessed Sacrament at Saint-Maurice, Saint-Maurice-Montcouronne. Fourteen novices.|
|1867||May 31st||Closing of house of Servants of the Blessed Sacrament at Nemours. Time of suffering and humiliation.|
|Oct. 23rd||Blessing of Raymond De Cuers’ new break-away foundation at Roquefavour.|
|Nov. 17th||Inauguration of congregation’s second house in Brussels, destined to be scholasticate.|
|1868||Mar. 15th – 22nd||Preaches final retreat for community at Angers.|
|April 27th||Eymard begins final eight-day retreat at Saint-Maurice before his death. Time of great trial.|
|June 30th||Laying of first stone for the congregation’s new church in Angers.|
|July 17th||Leaves Paris on doctor’s order to rest. Arrives in La Mure exhausted four days later.|
|July 21st||Last Mass said at Adoration Chapel, La Salette Missionaries, Grenoble.
|Aug. 1st||Died at 4.30 pm in home town of La Mure d’Isère.|
|Recognition of Eymard’s sanctity 1868-1995|
|1898||Process with a view to canonisation begins in Grenoble.|
|1899||Oct. 30th||Opening of canonisation process in Paris.|
|1908||Aug. 12th||Introduction of the cause for canonisation.|
|1910||Dec. 5th||Decree declared to open the Apostolic Process for Eymard’s canonisation.|
|1925||July 12th||Peter Julian Eymard beatified by Pope Pius XI.|
|1962||July 15th||Rome recognises two cases of healing as miraculous for Eymard’s canonisation cause.
|Dec. 9th||Peter Julian Eymard canonised by Pope John XXIII at end of 1st session of Vatican II.|
|1992||Dec. 9th||Pope John Paul II inserts Eymard’s name in the liturgical calendar. Feast to be celebrated on August 2nd, in recognition that he was “an outstanding apostle of the Eucharist”.|